Silks of India-Kanjeevaram Silk SILK – The QUEEN of textile industry with its gloss, sensuousness and glamour.The history of silk goes back to 4,500 years. India is the second largest producer of silk, contributing to about 18 per cent of the world production. silk weaving tradition in India revolves around the sari, the ethnic traditional wear that is worn in most parts of the country. The Indians dress themselves in elaborate and colourful silk sarees on festive and wedding occasions. The vibrant colours, light weight, resilience and excellent drape etc. have made silk sarees, the irresistible and unavoidable companion of Indian women. Indian silk is popular all over the world with its variety of designs, weaves and patterns. Just to start with one of the oldest and most popular silk saree Kanchipuram silk sarees which are hand-woven in the narrow lanes of the quaint town by the same name kanchipuram. In the part of Southern India’s old town called Kanchipuram. It has magnificent temples of unique architectural beauty bearing eloquent testimony to its glorious Dravidian heritage. Kanchipuram is also called as temple city, and is also known as the city of thousand temples.The more older the sari is the more expensive and rare it becomes.Kanchipuram sarees are also known as Kanjeevaram sarees. These sarees are known for their durability. It is made not only for a lifetime but also to outlive it. Sarees with different design, thread work, colour combinations are unexceptionally noticeable. It uses a combination of colored threads and also has lot of Zari work. Kanjeevaram silk wedding saree is very popular and are very traditional and never go out of fashion. It is made of heavy Kachipuram silk which is highly durable. It mainly comes in bold and bright colours. The border, body and pallu of the Kanjeevaram silk saree are created separately and then joined together in an impossible to detach joint. There are variety of designs you can find in this kachipuram sarees like animal designs as peacock, parrot, deer, elephants and some temples designs and paintings. Many vibrant colors are available in these sarees. Vibrant shades like maroon, red, vermilion red, orange, yellow, mustard, dark green and lots more with the contrasting pallus have always been quite appealing to the eyes of both Indian and international women. These sarees are the favourites of the south Indians staying in India and also abroad. A Kanjeevaram silk saree is a perfect pick for any south Indian bride on her Wedding day. How the Kanjeevaram silk sarees manufactured. Kanjeevaram sarees are hand woven from pure mulberry silk. The industry here is only made up of Handloom weavers and merchants and does not manufacture silk or any other raw material that goes into the silk saree. The main raw materials are mulberry silk thread, metallic thread called as Zari and dye. Dipping the silk thread into liquid gold and silver makes the Zari. This enhances the beauty and the value of the silk saree. The mulberry silk thread comes from the state of Karnataka, the metallic thread which is interwoven with the silk to give the metallic look comes from the state of Gujarat, and the dyes too are not manufactured in Kanchipuram. But all these materials are brought here, and the skilled artisans weave them on handlooms, creating a unique hand-made work of art in each saree. The saree usually have three parts to it called the body, border and pallu (the hanging end of the saree). To weave a saree three shuttles meaning three single threads of silk along with zari are used. This accounts for its durability and luster. While the weaver works on the right side, his aide works on the left side shuttle. The border color and design are usually quite different from the body. If the pallu has to be woven in a different shade, it is first separately woven and then delicately joined to the saree. The joint is woven so strongly that even if the saree tears, the border would not detach. Since the maximum length on a traditional loom is 18-yard warp, it ensures that not more than 3 silk saris can look alike. Approximately More than 60,000 silk looms manufacture Kanchipuram silk sarees. The town is having an annual turnover over of Rs.200 crores approx . 75% of the population residing in Kanchipuram earns their livelihood by weaving this fabric.